Potential vulnerability of 348 herbaceous species to atmospheric deposition of nitrogen and sulfur in the United States

Clarke, Christopher and Simkin, Samuel and Allen, Edith and Bowman, B. and Belnap, Jayne and Brooks, Matthew and Collins, Scott and Geiser, Linda and Gilliam, Frank and Jovan, Sarah and Pardo, Linda and Schulz, B. and Stevens, Carly and Suding, Katherine and Throop, Heather and Waller, D (2019) Potential vulnerability of 348 herbaceous species to atmospheric deposition of nitrogen and sulfur in the United States. Nature Plants, 5. 697–705. ISSN 2055-026X

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Atmospheric nitrogen and sulfur pollution increased over much of the United States during the twentieth century from fossil fuel combustion and industrial agriculture. Despite recent declines, nitrogen and sulfur deposition continue to affect many plant communities in the United States, although which species are at risk remains uncertain. We used species composition data from >14,000 survey sites across the contiguous United States to evaluate the association between nitrogen and sulfur deposition and the probability of occurrence for 348 herbaceous species. We found that the probability of occurrence for 70% of species was negatively associated with nitrogen or sulfur deposition somewhere in the contiguous United States (56% for N, 51% for S). Of the species, 15% and 51% potentially decreased at all nitrogen and sulfur deposition rates, respectively, suggesting thresholds below the minimum deposition they receive. Although more species potentially increased than decreased with nitrogen deposition, increasers tended to be introduced and decreasers tended to be higher-value native species. More vulnerable species tended to be shorter with lower tissue nitrogen and magnesium. These relationships constitute predictive equations to estimate critical loads. These results demonstrate that many herbaceous species may be at risk from atmospheric deposition and can inform improvements to air quality policies in the United States and globally.

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Journal Article
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Nature Plants
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Deposited On:
19 Jul 2019 15:30
Last Modified:
16 Sep 2023 01:58