Updated unified phylogenetic classification system and revised nomenclature for Newcastle disease virus

Dimitrov, Kiril M. and Abolnik, Celia and Afonso, Claudio L. and Albina, Emmanuel and Bahl, Justin and Berg, Mikael and Briand, François-Xavier and Brown, Ian H. and Choi, Kang-Seuk and Chvala, Ilya and Diel, Diego G. and Durr, Peter A. and Ferreira, Helena Lage and Fusaro, Alice and Gil, Patricia and Goujgoulova, Gabriela V. and Grund, Christian and Hicks, Joseph T. and Joannis, Tony M. and Kim Torchetti, Mia and Kolosov, Sergey and Lambrecht, Bénédicte and Lewis, Nicola S. and Liu, Haijin and Liu, Hualei and McCullough, Sam and Miller, Patti J. and Monne, Isabella and Muller, Claude P. and Munir, Muhammad and Reischak, Dilmara and Sabra, Mahmoud and Samal, Siba K. and Servan de Almeida, Renata and Shittu, Ismaila and Snoeck, Chantal J. and Suarez, David L. and Van Borm, Steven and Wang, Zhiliang and Wong, Frank Y. K. (2019) Updated unified phylogenetic classification system and revised nomenclature for Newcastle disease virus. Infection, Genetics and Evolution, 74. ISSN 1567-1348

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Several Avian paramyxoviruses 1 (synonymous with Newcastle disease virus or NDV, used hereafter) classification systems have been proposed for strain identification and differentiation. These systems pioneered classification efforts; however, they were based on different approaches and lacked objective criteria for the differentiation of isolates. These differences have created discrepancies among systems, rendering discussions and comparisons across studies difficult. Although a system that used objective classification criteria was proposed by Diel and co-workers in 2012, the ample worldwide circulation and constant evolution of NDV, and utilization of only some of the criteria, led to identical naming and/or incorrect assigning of new sub/genotypes. To address these issues, an international consortium of experts was convened to undertake in-depth analyses of NDV genetic diversity. This consortium generated curated, up-to-date, complete fusion gene class I and class II datasets of all known NDV for public use, performed comprehensive phylogenetic neighbor-Joining, maximum-likelihood, Bayesian and nucleotide distance analyses, and compared these inference methods. An updated NDV classification and nomenclature system that incorporates phylogenetic topology, genetic distances, branch support, and epidemiological independence was developed. This new consensus system maintains two NDV classes and existing genotypes, identifies three new class II genotypes, and reduces the number of sub-genotypes. In order to track the ancestry of viruses, a dichotomous naming system for designating sub-genotypes was introduced. In addition, a pilot dataset and sub-trees rooting guidelines for rapid preliminary genotype identification of new isolates are provided. Guidelines for sequence dataset curation and phylogenetic inference, and a detailed comparison between the updated and previous systems are included. To increase the speed of phylogenetic inference and ensure consistency between laboratories, detailed guidelines for the use of a supercomputer are also provided. The proposed unified classification system will facilitate future studies of NDV evolution and epidemiology, and comparison of results obtained across the world.

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Journal Article
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Infection, Genetics and Evolution
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Deposited On:
22 Jun 2019 09:20
Last Modified:
24 Oct 2023 00:20