The big two dictionaries:Capturing agency and communion in natural language

Pietraszkiewicz, Agnieszka and Formanowicz, Magdalena and Gustafsson Sendén, Marie and Boyd, Ryan L. and Sikström, Sverker and Sczesny, Sabine (2019) The big two dictionaries:Capturing agency and communion in natural language. European Journal of Social Psychology, 49 (5). pp. 871-887. ISSN 0046-2772

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Four studies developed and validated two dictionaries to capture agentic and communal expressions in natural language. Their development followed the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) approach (Study 1) and we tested their validity with frequency-based analyses and semantic similarity measures. The newly developed Agency and Communion dictionaries were aligned with LIWC categories related to agency and communion (Study 2), and corresponded with subjective ratings (Study 3), confirming their convergent validity. Very low or absent correspondence between proposed dictionaries and unrelated LIWC categories demonstrated their discriminant validity (Study 2). Finally, we applied both dictionaries to language used in advertisements. In correspondence to gender stereotypes, male-dominated jobs were advertised with more agentic than communal words, and female-dominated jobs with more communal than agentic words (Study 4). Both dictionaries represent reliable tools for quantifying agentic and communal content in natural language, and will improve and facilitate future research on agency and communion.

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Journal Article
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European Journal of Social Psychology
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22 Jun 2019 09:19
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22 Nov 2022 07:41