Arterial ischemic stroke in HIV:Defining and classifying etiology for research studies.

Benjamin, LA and Bryer, A and Lucas, S and Stanley, A and Allain, TJ and Joekes, E and Emsley, Hedley and Turnbull, I and Downey, C and Toh, CH and Brown, K and Brown, D and Ison, C and Smith, C and Corbett, EL and Nath, A and Heyderman, RS and Connor, MD and Solomon, T (2016) Arterial ischemic stroke in HIV:Defining and classifying etiology for research studies. Neurology Neuroimmunology and Neuroinflammation, 3 (4). ISSN 2332-7812

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Abstract

HIV infection, and potentially its treatment, increases the risk of an arterial ischemic stroke. Multiple etiologies and lack of clear case definitions inhibit progress in this field. Several etiologies, many treatable, are relevant to HIV-related stroke. To fully understand the mechanisms and the terminology used, a robust classification algorithm to help ascribe the various etiologies is needed. This consensus paper considers the strengths and limitations of current case definitions in the context of HIV infection. The case definitions for the major etiologies in HIV-related strokes were refined (e.g., varicella zoster vasculopathy and antiphospholipid syndrome) and in some instances new case definitions were described (e.g., HIV-associated vasculopathy). These case definitions provided a framework for an algorithm to help assign a final diagnosis, and help classify the subtypes of HIV etiology in ischemic stroke.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Neurology Neuroimmunology and Neuroinflammation
ID Code:
134640
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
22 Jun 2019 09:16
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
09 Sep 2020 06:04