Victims of rape show increased cortisol responses to trauma reminders:A study in individuals with war- and torture-related PTSD

Gola, Hannah and Engler, Harald and Schauer, Maggie and Adenauer, Hannah and Riether, Carsten and Kolassa, Stephan and Elbert, Thomas and Kolassa, Iris-Tatjana (2012) Victims of rape show increased cortisol responses to trauma reminders:A study in individuals with war- and torture-related PTSD. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 37 (2). pp. 213-220. ISSN 0306-4530

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Abstract

Summary: Studies investigating cortisol responses to trauma-related stressors in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have yielded inconsistent results, demonstrating that cortisol responses were enhanced or unaffected when confronted with trauma reminders. This study investigated the effect of the type of trauma experienced on both salivary and plasma cortisol responses during confrontation with trauma-related material. Participants were 30 survivors of war and torture, with and without rape among the traumatic events experienced. Participants of both groups (raped vs. non-raped) fulfilled DSM-IV criteria of PTSD. Plasma and salivary cortisol levels were measured at three time points during a standardized clinical interview: once before and twice after assessing individual traumatic experiences. Results show that groups did not differ in basal plasma and salivary cortisol levels. However, differential salivary cortisol responses were observed in PTSD patients who had been raped compared to those who had not been raped (p

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Psychoneuroendocrinology
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2800/2803
Subjects:
ID Code:
134582
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
22 Jun 2019 09:15
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
11 Feb 2020 05:19