Experimental investigation of the macroscopic flow of He II due to an oscillating grid in the zero temperature limit

Nichol, H. A. and Skrbek, L. and Hendry, P. C. and McClintock, P. V.E. (2004) Experimental investigation of the macroscopic flow of He II due to an oscillating grid in the zero temperature limit. Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics, 70 (5). ISSN 1063-651X

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Abstract

A systematic experimental investigation of the macroscopic flow properties of extremely pure He II in the zero temperature limit is reported, covering the pressure range [Formula presented]. The flow is generated by electrostatically driven oscillations of a thin, tightly stretched, circular, square-mesh nickel grid. With growing amplitude of oscillation, the flow changes character at a first critical threshold from pure inviscid superflow past a submerged body of hydrodynamically enhanced mass, to a flow regime that is believed to involve a boundary layer composed of quantized vortex loops. Here the oscillatory motion of the grid acquires strongly nonlinear features. These include double-valued (reentrant) resonance curves and a decrease in the resonant frequency with increasing drive amplitude, but without any appreciable increase in damping. On further increase of the drive level, a second critical threshold is attained: here, the resonant frequency reaches a stable value, the response amplitude almost stops growing, but the linewidth increases. Finally, the flow acquires the character of fully developed classical turbulence, characterized by a square-root dependence of flow velocity on the driving force. Additional flow features attributable to the presence of remanent vorticity are observed and discussed.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3100
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Physics
ID Code: 134578
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 22 Jun 2019 09:15
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2020 04:13
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/134578

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