Factors affecting the nucleus-independent chemical shift in NMR studies of microporous carbon electrode materials

Cervini, Luca and Lynes, Olivia D. and Akien, Geoffrey R. and Kerridge, Andrew and Barrow, Nathan S. and Griffin, John M. (2019) Factors affecting the nucleus-independent chemical shift in NMR studies of microporous carbon electrode materials. Energy Storage Materials, 21. pp. 335-346. ISSN 2405-8297

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Abstract

NMR spectroscopy has recently emerged as a powerful method for studying electrolyte species in microporous carbon electrodes used in capacitive energy storage devices. Key to this approach is the nucleus-independent chemical shift (NICS) which enables adsorbed species to be distinguished from those in the bulk electrolyte. The magnitude of the NICS is well known to be dependent on the distance of the adsorbed species from the carbon surface, and has therefore been used in several studies as a probe of the carbon pore size. However, the NICS can also be influenced by a number of other structural and chemical factors which are not always taken into account. To investigate this, we have carried out a systematic study of the factors influencing the NICS of aqueous electrolyte species adsorbed on polymer-derived activated carbon in the absence of an applied potential. We find that a number of effects arising from both the carbon structure as well as the behaviour and chemical properties of the electrolyte species can contribute to the observed NICS. In turn, the measurement of these effects provides important information about ion behaviour and reveals significant differences in the adsorption behaviour of different ions in the absence of an applied potential. In accordance with several computational studies, we find experimental evidence that the local concentration of spontaneously adsorbed alkali ions decreases with the pore size. This has potential implications for understanding the molecular-level mechanism of charge storage in capacitive devices.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Energy Storage Materials
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Energy Storage Materials. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Energy Storage Materials, 21, 2019 DOI: 10.1016/j.ensm.2019.05.010
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2100/2102
Subjects:
ID Code:
134565
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
22 Jun 2019 09:14
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
25 Sep 2020 04:24