Isolation of oviposition pheromone from the eggs of the sandfly Lutzomyia longipalpis

DOUGHERTY, M. J. and HAMILTON, J. G.C. and Ward, R. D. (1994) Isolation of oviposition pheromone from the eggs of the sandfly Lutzomyia longipalpis. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 8 (2). pp. 119-124. ISSN 0269-283X

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Abstract. Semiochemical components of eggs of the sandfly Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae) were separated by high performance liquid chromatography. HPLC fractions were examined quantitatively and qualitatively by gas chromatography (GC). A bioassay was used to determine the oviposition attraction of gravid L. longipalpis to each of the fractions separately and a peak responsible for the semiochemical activity was identified. Gravid flies were placed in individual oviposition tubes to determine if the peak of interest was an oviposition stimulant. The active semiochemical fraction attracted gravid flies for oviposition. Furthermore, egg laying was enhanced: gravid flies exposed to the pheromone oviposited earlier and laid more eggs than control flies. GC analysis indicated that 1200 eggs (2 days old) gave a yield of 12.75 ug of active pheromone. This fraction had similar HPLC and GC retention times to caryophyllene oxide, suggesting comparable polarity and molecular weight.

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Journal Article
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Medical and Veterinary Entomology
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22 Jun 2019 08:53
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22 Nov 2022 06:52