Cultural influences on the measurement of personal values through words

Wilson, Steven R. and Mihalcea, Rada and Boyd, Ryan L. and Pennebaker, James W. (2016) Cultural influences on the measurement of personal values through words. In: 2016 AAAI Spring Symposium Series - Collected Papers from the AAAI Spring Symposia. AAAI Spring Symposium - Technical Report . AI Access Foundation, USA, pp. 314-317. ISBN 9781577357544

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Abstract

Texts posted on the web by users from diverse cultures provide a nearly endless source of data that researchers can use to study human thoughts and language patterns. However, unless care is taken to avoid it, models may be developed in one cultural setting and deployed in another, leading to unforeseen consequences. We explore the effects of using models built from a corpus of texts from multiple cultures in order to learn about each represented people group separately. To do this, we employ a topic modeling approach to quantify open-ended writing responses describing personal values and everyday behaviors in two distinct cultures. We show that some topics are more prominent in one culture compared to the other, while other topics are mentioned to similar degrees. Furthermore, our results indicate that culture influences how value-behavior relationships are exhibited. While some relationships exist in both cultural groups, in most cases we see that the observed relations are dependent on the cultural background of the data set under examination.

Item Type:
Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1700/1702
Subjects:
ID Code:
134381
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
22 Jun 2019 01:04
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
19 Aug 2020 07:11