Boron nitride doped polyhydroxyalkanoate/chitosan nanocomposite for antibacterial and biological applications

Mukheem, A. and Shahabuddin, S. and Akbar, N. and Miskon, A. and Sarih, N.M. and Sudesh, K. and Khan, N.A. and Saidur, Rahman and Sridewi, N. (2019) Boron nitride doped polyhydroxyalkanoate/chitosan nanocomposite for antibacterial and biological applications. Nanomaterials, 9 (4). ISSN 2079-4991

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Abstract

The present research focused on the fabrication of biocompatible polyhydroxyalkanoate, chitosan, and hexagonal boron nitride incorporated (PHA/Ch-hBN) nanocomposites through a simple solvent casting technique. The fabricated nanocomposites were comprehensively characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscope (FT-IR), field emission scanning electroscope (FESEM), and elemental mapping and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The antibacterial activity of nanocomposites were investigated through time-kill method against multi drug resistant (MDR) microbes such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Escherichia coli (E. coli) K1 strains. In addition, nanocomposites have examined for their host cytotoxicity abilities using a Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay against spontaneously immortalized human keratinocytes (HaCaT) cell lines. The results demonstrated highly significant antibacterial activity against MDR organisms and also significant cell viability as compared to the positive control. The fabricated PHA/Ch-hBN nanocomposite demonstrated effective antimicrobial and biocompatibility properties that would feasibly suit antibacterial and biomedical applications.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Nanomaterials
Subjects:
ID Code:
133980
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
29 May 2019 10:25
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
29 Sep 2020 05:00