Possible links between extreme oxygen perturbations and the Cambrian radiation of animals

He, Tianchen and Zhu, Maoyan and Mills, Benjamin J.W. and Wynn, Peter M. and Zhuravlev, Andrey Yu and Tostevin, Rosalie and Pogge von Strandmann, Philip A.E. and Yang, Aihua and Poulton, Simon W. and Shields, Graham A. (2019) Possible links between extreme oxygen perturbations and the Cambrian radiation of animals. Nature Geoscience, 12 (6). pp. 468-474. ISSN 1752-0894

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Abstract

The role of oxygen as a driver for early animal evolution is widely debated. During the Cambrian explosion, episodic radiations of major animal phyla occurred coincident with repeated carbon isotope fluctuations. However, the driver of these isotope fluctuations and potential links to environmental oxygenation are unclear. Here, we report high-resolution carbon and sulphur isotope data for marine carbonates from the southeastern Siberian Platform that document the canonical explosive phase of the Cambrian radiation from ~524 to ~514 Myr ago. These analyses demonstrate a strong positive covariation between carbonate δ 13C and carbonate-associated sulphate δ 34S through five isotope cycles. Biogeochemical modelling suggests that this isotopic coupling reflects periodic oscillations in atmospheric O 2 and the extent of shallow ocean oxygenation. Episodic maxima in the biodiversity of animal phyla directly coincided with these extreme oxygen perturbations. Conversely, the subsequent Botoman-Toyonian animal extinction events (~514 to ~512 Myr ago) coincided with decoupled isotope records that suggest a shrinking marine sulphate reservoir and expanded shallow marine anoxia. We suggest that fluctuations in oxygen availability in the shallow marine realm exerted a primary control on the timing and tempo of biodiversity radiations at a crucial phase in the early history of animal life.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Nature Geoscience
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1900
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 133975
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 22 Jun 2019 09:13
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2020 05:25
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/133975

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