Mechanical collision simulation of potato tubers

Celik, H.K. and Cinar, R. and Yilmaz, D. and Ulmeanu, M.-E. and Rennie, A.E.W. and Akinci, I. (2019) Mechanical collision simulation of potato tubers. Journal of Food Process Engineering, 42 (5): e13078. ISSN 0145-8876

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This paper presents the results of an investigation on internal stress progression and the explicit dynamics simulation of the bruising behavior of potato tubers under dynamic mechanical collision. Physical measurements, mechanical tests, advanced solid modeling, and engineering simulation techniques were utilized in the study. The tuber samples used in the simulation were reverse engineered and finite element analysis (FEA) was set up to simulate the collision-based bruising behavior of the potato tubers. The total number of identical tuber models used in the simulation was 17. The numerical data of the FEA results revealed useful stress distribution and mechanical behavior visuals. These results are presented in a frame that can be used to describe bruise susceptibility value on potato-like agricultural crops. The modulus of elasticity was calculated from compression test data as 3.12 MPa. Structural stresses of 1.40 and 3.13 MPa on the impacting (hitting) and impacted (hit) tubers (respectively) were obtained. These stress values indicate that bruising is likely to occur on the tubers. This research paper provides a useful how-to-do strategy to further research on complicated bruising investigations of solid-like agricultural products through advanced engineering simulation techniques. Practical applications: This research aims to simulate realistic dynamic deformation of potato tubers during mechanical collision, which is very hard to achieve through physical or analytical expressions. This is attractive because related food processing industries have shown their interest in determining the physical properties and bruising behavior of food/agricultural products using experimental, numerical, and engineering simulation methods so that it can be used in their food processing technology. Very limited data have been found available in the literature about the subject of FEM-based explicit dynamics simulation of solid-like agricultural crops such as the self-collision case of potato tubers (which is very important for indoor or outdoor potato processing). Comparative investigations on determination of modulus of elasticity are very limited as well. Most of the research focused on single calculation theory and linear static loading assumption-based FEM simulation solutions. Here, we report a “how-to-do” case study for dynamic self-collision simulation of potato tubers.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Food Process Engineering
Additional Information:
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Celik, HK, Cinar, R, Yilmaz, D, Ulmeanu, M‐E, Rennie, AEW, Akinci, I. Mechanical collision simulation of potato tubers. J Food Process Eng. 2019;e13078. which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? agricultural productscompression testingcropsdynamicselastic modulifood processingnumerical methodsprocessed foodstubes (components)advanced engineeringsanalytical expressionsbruise susceptibilityengineering simulationfood processing industryfood processi ??
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Deposited On:
25 Jun 2019 12:30
Last Modified:
04 Jan 2024 00:21