Social-ecological alignment and ecological conditions in coral reefs

Barnes, Michele L. and Bodin, Örjan and McClanahan, Tim R. and Kittinger, John N. and Hoey, Andrew S. and Gaoue, Orou G. and Graham, Nick (2019) Social-ecological alignment and ecological conditions in coral reefs. Nature Communications, 10. ISSN 2041-1723

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Abstract

Complex social-ecological interactions underpin many environmental problems. To help capture this complexity, we advance an interdisciplinary network modeling framework to identify important relationships between people and nature that can influence environmental conditions. Drawing on comprehensive social and ecological data from five coral reef fishing communities in Kenya; including interviews with 648 fishers, underwater visual census data of reef ecosystem condition, and time-series landings data; we show that positive ecological conditions are associated with ‘social-ecological network closure’ – i.e., fully linked and thus closed network structures between social actors and ecological resources. Our results suggest that when fishers facing common dilemmas form cooperative communication ties with direct resource competitors, they may achieve positive gains in reef fish biomass and functional richness. Our work provides key empirical insight to a growing body of research on social-ecological alignment, and helps to advance an integrative framework that can be applied empirically in different social-ecological contexts.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Nature Communications
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3100
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 133625
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 22 Jun 2019 09:11
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2020 04:47
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/133625

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