TGFβ-activation by dendritic cells drives Th17 induction and intestinal contractility and augments the expulsion of the parasite Trichinella spiralis in mice

Steel, Nicola and Faniyi, Aduragbemi and Rahman, Sayema and Swietlik, Stefanie and Czajkowska, Beata I and Chan, Bethany and Hardgrave, Alex and Steel, Anthony and Sparwasser, Tim and Assas, Mushref and Grencis, Richard K and Travis, Mark A and Worthington, John Joseph (2019) TGFβ-activation by dendritic cells drives Th17 induction and intestinal contractility and augments the expulsion of the parasite Trichinella spiralis in mice. PLoS Pathogens, 15 (4). ISSN 1553-7366

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Abstract

Helminths are highly prevalent metazoan parasites that infect over a billion of the world’s population. Hosts have evolved numerous mechanisms to drive the expulsion of these parasites via Th2-driven immunity, but these responses must be tightly controlled to prevent equally devastating immunopathology. However, mechanisms that regulate this balance are still unclear. Here we show that the vigorous Th2 immune response driven by the small intestinal helminth Trichinella spiralis, is associated with increased TGFβ signalling responses in CD4+ T-cells. Mechanistically, enhanced TGFβ signalling in CD4+ T-cells is dependent on dendritic cell-mediated TGFβ activation which requires expression of the integrin αvβ8. Importantly, mice lacking integrin αvβ8 on DCs had a delayed ability to expel a T. spiralis infection, indicating an important functional role for integrin αvβ8-mediated TGFβ activation in promoting parasite expulsion. In addition to maintaining regulatory T-cell responses, the CD4+ T-cell signalling of this pleiotropic cytokine induces a Th17 response which is crucial in promoting the intestinal muscle hypercontractility that drives worm expulsion. Collectively, these results provide novel insights into intestinal helminth expulsion beyond that of classical Th2 driven immunity, and highlight the importance of IL-17 in intestinal contraction which may aid therapeutics to numerous diseases of the intestine.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: PLoS Pathogens
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2400/2405
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Biomedical & Life Sciences
ID Code: 133234
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 26 Apr 2019 08:10
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2019 02:06
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/133234

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