Dental materials for cleft palate repair

Sharif, F. and Ur Rehman, I. and Muhammad, N. and MacNeil, S. (2016) Dental materials for cleft palate repair. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 61. pp. 1018-1028. ISSN 0921-5093

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Abstract

Numerous bone and soft tissue grafting techniques are followed to repair cleft of lip and palate (CLP) defects. In addition to the gold standard surgical interventions involving the use of autogenous grafts, various allogenic and xenogenic graft materials are available for bone regeneration. In an attempt to discover minimally invasive and cost effective treatments for cleft repair, an exceptional growth in synthetic biomedical graft materials have occurred. This study gives an overview of the use of dental materials to repair cleft of lip and palate (CLP). The eligibility criteria for this review were case studies, clinical trials and retrospective studies on the use of various types of dental materials in surgical repair of cleft palate defects. Any data available on the surgical interventions to repair alveolar or palatal cleft, with natural or synthetic graft materials was included in this review. Those datasets with long term clinical follow-up results were referred to as particularly relevant. The results provide encouraging evidence in favor of dental and other related biomedical materials to fill the gaps in clefts of lip and palate. The review presents the various bones and soft tissue replacement strategies currently used, tested or explored for the repair of cleft defects. There was little available data on the use of synthetic materials in cleft repair which was a limitation of this study. In conclusion although clinical trials on the use of synthetic materials are currently underway the uses of autologous implants are the preferred treatment methods to date. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Materials Science and Engineering: A
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3100/3104
Subjects:
ID Code:
132947
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
16 Apr 2019 13:55
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
07 Apr 2020 06:10