Fabrication, in vitro and in vivo studies of bilayer composite membrane for periodontal guided tissue regeneration

Zahid, Saba and Khan, Abdul Samad and Chaudhry, Aqif Anwar and Ghafoor, Sarah and Ul Ain, Qurat and Raza, Ahtasham and Rahim, Muhammad Imran and Goerke, Oliver and Rehman, Ihtesham Ur and Tufail, Asma (2019) Fabrication, in vitro and in vivo studies of bilayer composite membrane for periodontal guided tissue regeneration. JOURNAL OF BIOMATERIALS APPLICATIONS, 33 (7). pp. 967-978. ISSN 0885-3282

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Development of a guided occlusive biodegradable membrane with controlled morphology in order to restrict the ingrowth of epithelial cells is still a challenge in dental tissue engineering. A bilayer membrane with a non-porous upper layer (polyurethane) and porous lower layer (polycaprolactone and bioactive glass composite) with thermoelastic properties to sustain surgery treatment was developed by lyophilization. Morphology, porosity, and layers attachment were controlled by using the multi-solvent system. In vitro and in vivo biocompatibility, cell attachment, and cell proliferation were analyzed by immunohistochemistry and histology. The cell proliferation rate and cell attachment results showed good biocompatibility of both surfaces, though cell metabolic activity was better on the polycaprolactone-bioactive glass surface. Furthermore, the cells were viable, adhered, and proliferated well on the lower porous bioactive surface, while non-porous polyurethane surface demonstrated low cell attachment, which was deliberately designed and a pre-requisite for guided tissue regeneration/guided bone regeneration membranes. In addition, in vivo studies performed in a rat model for six weeks revealed good compatibility of membranes. Histological analysis (staining with hematoxylin and eosin) indicated no signs of inflammation or accumulation of host immune cells. These results suggested that the fabricated biocompatible bilayer membrane has the potential for use in periodontal tissue regeneration.

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12 Apr 2019 08:25
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 07:21