Post-mortem computed tomography and 3D imaging:anthropological applications for juvenile remains

Brough, Alison L and Rutty, Guy N. and Black, Sue and Morgan, Bruno (2012) Post-mortem computed tomography and 3D imaging:anthropological applications for juvenile remains. Forensic Science, Medicine and Pathology, 8 (3). pp. 270-279. ISSN 1547-769X

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Abstract

Anthropological examination of defleshed bones is routinely used in medico-legal investigations to establish an individual's biological profile. However, when dealing with the recently deceased, the removal of soft tissue from bone can be an extremely time consuming procedure that requires the presence of a trained anthropologist. In addition, due to its invasive nature, in some disaster victim identification scenarios the maceration of bones is discouraged by religious practices and beliefs, or even prohibited by national laws and regulations. Currently, three different radiological techniques may be used in the investigative process; plain X-ray, dental X-ray and fluoroscopy. However, recent advances in multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) mean that it is now possible to acquire morphological skeletal information from high resolution images, reducing the necessity for invasive procedures. This review paper considers the possible applications of a virtual anthropological examination by reviewing the main juvenile age determination methods used by anthropologists at present and their possible adaption to MDCT.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Forensic Science, Medicine and Pathology
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2734
Subjects:
ID Code:
132686
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
09 Apr 2019 16:00
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
22 Apr 2020 06:57