A minimum data set approach to post-mortem computed tomography reporting for anthropological biological profiling

Brough, Alison L. and Morgan, Bruno and Robinson, Claire and Black, Sue and Cunningham, Craig and Adams, Catherine and Rutty, Guy N. (2014) A minimum data set approach to post-mortem computed tomography reporting for anthropological biological profiling. Forensic Science, Medicine and Pathology, 10 (4). pp. 504-512. ISSN 1547-769X

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Abstract

Anthropological examination of bones is routinely undertaken in medico-legal investigations to establish an individual’s biological profile, particularly their age. This often requires the removal of soft tissue from bone (de-fleshing), which, especially when dealing with the recently deceased, is a time consuming and invasive procedure. Recent advances in multi-detector computed tomography have made it practical to rapidly acquire high-resolution morphological skeletal information from images of “fleshed” remains. The aim of this study was to develop a short standard form, created from post-mortem computed tomography images, that contains the minimum image-set required to anthropologically assess an individual. The proposed standard forms were created for 31 juvenile forensic cases with known age-at-death, spanning the full age range of the developing human. Five observers independently used this form to estimate age-at-death. All observers estimated age in all cases, and all estimations were within the accepted ranges for traditional anthropological and odontological assessment. This study supports the implementation of this approach in forensic radiological practice.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Forensic Science, Medicine and Pathology
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2734
Subjects:
ID Code:
132608
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
15 Apr 2019 09:30
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
15 Jul 2020 09:11