Ca:Mg:Zn:CO3and Ca:Mg:CO3—tri- and bi-elemental carbonate microparticles for novel injectable self-gelling hydrogel–microparticle composites for tissue regeneration

Douglas, Timothy E L and Sobczyk, Katarzyna and Łapa, Agata and Włodarczyk, Katarzyna and Brackman, Gilles and Vidiasheva, Irina and Reczyńska, Katarzyna and Pietryga, Krzysztof and Schaubroeck, David and Bliznuk, Vitaliy and Voort, Pascal Van Der and Declercq, Heidi A and Bulcke, Jan Van den and Samal, Sangram Keshari and Khalenkow, Dmitry and Parakhonskiy, Bogdan V and Acker, Joris Van and Coenye, Tom and Lewandowska-Szumieł, Małgorzata and Pamuła, Elżbieta and Skirtach, Andre G (2017) Ca:Mg:Zn:CO3and Ca:Mg:CO3—tri- and bi-elemental carbonate microparticles for novel injectable self-gelling hydrogel–microparticle composites for tissue regeneration. Biomedical Materials, 12 (2). ISSN 1748-6041

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Abstract

Injectable composites for tissue regeneration can be developed by dispersion of inorganic microparticles and cells in a hydrogel phase. In this study, multifunctional carbonate microparticles containing different amounts of calcium, magnesium and zinc were mixed with solutions of gellan gum (GG), an anionic polysaccharide, to form injectable hydrogel–microparticle composites, containing Zn, Ca and Mg. Zn and Ca were incorporated into microparticle preparations to a greater extent than Mg. Microparticle groups were heterogeneous and contained microparticles of differing shape and elemental composition. Zn-rich microparticles were 'star shaped' and appeared to consist of small crystallites, while Zn-poor, Ca- and Mg-rich microparticles were irregular in shape and appeared to contain lager crystallites. Zn-free microparticle groups exhibited the best cytocompatibility and, unexpectedly, Zn-free composites showed the highest antibacterial activity towards methicilin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Composites containing Zn-free microparticles were cytocompatible and therefore appear most suitable for applications as an injectable biomaterial. This study proves the principle of creating bi- and tri-elemental microparticles to induce the gelation of GG to create injectable hydrogel–microparticle composites.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Biomedical Materials
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1600/1601
Subjects:
ID Code:
132282
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
29 Mar 2019 15:20
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
27 Mar 2020 04:13