Integrated Deep Model for for Face Detection and Landmark Localization From "In The Wild " Images

Storey, Gary and Bouridane, Ahmed and Jiang, Richard (2018) Integrated Deep Model for for Face Detection and Landmark Localization From "In The Wild " Images. IEEE Access, 6. pp. 74442-74452. ISSN 2169-3536

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The tasks of face detection and landmark localisation are a key foundation for many facial analysis applications, while great advancements have been achieved in recent years there are still challenges to increase the precision of face detection. Within this paper, we present our novel method the Integrated Deep Model (IDM), fusing two state-of-the-art deep learning architectures, namely, Faster R-CNN and a stacked hourglass for improved face detection precision and accurate landmark localisation. Integration is achieved through the application of a novel optimisation function and is shown in experimental evaluation to increase accuracy of face detection specifically precision by reducing false positive detection’s by an average of 62%. Our proposed IDM method is evaluated on the Annotated Faces In-The-Wild, Annotated Facial Landmarks In The Wild and the Face Detection Dataset and Benchmark face detection test sets and shows a high level of recall and precision when compared with previously proposed methods. Landmark localisation is evaluated on the Annotated Faces In-The-Wild and 300-W test sets, this specifically focuses on localisation accuracy from detected face bounding boxes when compared with baseline evaluations using ground truth bounding boxes. Our findings highlight only a small 0.005% maximum increase in error which is more profound for the subset of facial landmarks which border the face.

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Journal Article
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IEEE Access
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19 Mar 2019 10:40
Last Modified:
18 Sep 2023 01:32