Mobility, turnover and storage of pollutants in soils, sediments and waters:Achievements and results of the EU project AquaTerra - A review

Barth, J. A.C. and Grathwohl, P. and Fowler, H. J. and Bellin, A. and Gerzabek, M. H. and Lair, G. J. and Barceló, D. and Petrovic, M. and Navarro, A. and Négrel, Ph and Petelet-Giraud, E. and Darmendrail, D. and Rijnaarts, H. and Langenhoff, A. and De Weert, J. and Slob, A. and Van Der Zaan, B. M. and Gerritse, J. and Frank, E. and Gutierrez, A. and Kretzschmar, R. and Gocht, T. and Steidle, D. and Garrido, F. and Jones, K. C. and Meijer, S. and Moeckel, C. and Marsman, A. and Klaver, G. and Vogel, T. and Bürger, C. and Kolditz, O. and Broers, H. P. and Baran, N. and Joziasse, J. and Von Tümpling, W. and Van Gaans, P. and Merly, C. and Chapman, A. and Brouyère, S. and Aguilar, J. Batlle and Orban, Ph and Tas, N. and Smidt, H. (2009) Mobility, turnover and storage of pollutants in soils, sediments and waters:Achievements and results of the EU project AquaTerra - A review. In: Sustainable Agriculture. Springer, pp. 857-871. ISBN 9789048126651

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AquaTerra is one of the first environmental projects within the 6th Framework program by the European Commission. It began in June 2004 with a multidisciplinary team of 45 partner organizations from 13 EU countries, Switzerland, Serbia, Romania and Montenegro. Results from sampling and modeling in four large river basins (Ebro, Danube, Elbe and Meuse) and one catchment of the Brévilles Spring in France led to new evaluations of diffuse and hotspot input of persistent organic and metal pollutants including dynamics of pesticides and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, as well as metal turnover and accumulation. While degradation of selected organic compounds could be demonstrated under controlled conditions in the laboratory, turnover of most persistent pollutants in the field seems to range from decades to centuries. First investigations of long-term cumulative and degradation effects, particularly in the context of climate change, have shown that it is also necessary to consider the predictions of more than one climate model when trying to assess future impacts. This is largely controlled by uncertainties in climate model responses. It is becoming evident, however, that changes to the climate will have important impacts on the diffusion and degradation of pollutants in space and time that are just at the start of their exploration.

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18 Mar 2019 10:00
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15 Sep 2023 02:01