Blockchain-Based Dynamic Key Management for Heterogeneous Intelligent Transportation Systems

Lei, Ao and Cruickshank, Haitham and Cao, Yue and Asuquo, Philip and Ogah, Chibueze P. Anyigor and Sun, Zhili (2017) Blockchain-Based Dynamic Key Management for Heterogeneous Intelligent Transportation Systems. IEEE Internet of Things Journal, 4 (6). pp. 1832-1843.

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Abstract

As modern vehicle and communication technologies advanced apace, people begin to believe that the Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) would be achievable in one decade. ITS introduces information technology to the transportation infrastructures and aims to improve road safety and traffic efficiency. However, security is still a main concern in vehicular communication systems (VCSs). This can be addressed through secured group broadcast. Therefore, secure key management schemes are considered as a critical technique for network security. In this paper, we propose a framework for providing secure key management within the heterogeneous network. The security managers (SMs) play a key role in the framework by capturing the vehicle departure information, encapsulating block to transport keys and then executing rekeying to vehicles within the same security domain. The first part of this framework is a novel network topology based on a decentralized blockchain structure. The blockchain concept is proposed to simplify the distributed key management in heterogeneous VCS domains. The second part of the framework uses the dynamic transaction collection period to further reduce the key transfer time during vehicles handover. Extensive simulations and analysis show the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed framework, in which the blockchain structure performs better in term of key transfer time than the structure with a central manager, while the dynamic scheme allows SMs to flexibly fit various traffic levels.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
IEEE Internet of Things Journal
Additional Information:
©2017 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1700/1705
Subjects:
ID Code:
131877
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
13 Mar 2019 14:15
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
27 Sep 2020 05:09