Energy-efficient location estimation using variable range beacons in wireless sensor networks

Farooq-I-Azam, Muhammad and Ni, Qiang and Pervaiz, Haris Bin (2015) Energy-efficient location estimation using variable range beacons in wireless sensor networks. In: Computer and Information Technology; Ubiquitous Computing and Communications; Dependable, Autonomic and Secure Computing; Pervasive Intelligence and Computing (CIT/IUCC/DASC/PICOM), 2015 IEEE International Conference on :. IEEE, GBR, pp. 1074-1079. ISBN 9781509001538

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In a randomly deployed wireless sensor network, sensor nodes must determine their own geographic position coordinates so that the collected data can be ascribed to the location from where it was gathered. We propose a localization algorithm which uses variable range beacon signals generated by varying the transmission power of beacon nodes. The algorithm does not use any additional hardware resources for ranging and estimates position using only radio connectivity by passively listening to the beacon signals. The algorithm is distributed, so each sensor node determines its own position and communication overhead is avoided. As the beacon nodes do not always transmit at maximum power and no transmission power is used by unknown sensor nodes for localization, the algorithm is also energy efficient. It also provides control over localization granularity. Simulation results show that the algorithm provides good accuracy under varying radio conditions.

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07 Mar 2019 11:25
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16 Jul 2024 03:45