Characterization of Male-Produced Aggregation Pheromone of the Bean Flower Thrips Megalurothrips sjostedti (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)

Niassy, S. and Tamiru, A. and Hamilton, J.G.C. and Kirk, W.D.J. and Mumm, R. and Sims, C. and de Kogel, W.J. and Ekesi, S. and Maniania, N.K. and Bandi, K. and Mitchell, F. and Subramanian, S. (2019) Characterization of Male-Produced Aggregation Pheromone of the Bean Flower Thrips Megalurothrips sjostedti (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 45 (4). 348–355. ISSN 0098-0331

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Abstract

Aggregation of the bean flower thrips, Megalurothrips sjostedti (Trybom) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), has been observed on cowpea, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. To understand the mechanism underpinning this behavior, we studied the responses of M. sjostedti to headspace volatiles from conspecifics in a four-arm olfactometer. Both male and female M. sjostedti were attracted to male, but not to female odor. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analyses revealed the presence of two distinct compounds in male M. sjostedti headspace, namely (R)-lavandulyl 3-methylbutanoate (major compound) and (R)-lavandulol (minor compound); by contrast, both compounds were only present in trace amounts in female headspace collections. A behavioral assay using synthetic compounds showed that male M. sjostedti was attracted to both (R)-lavandulyl 3-methylbutanoate and (R)-lavandulol, while females responded only to (R)-lavandulyl 3-methylbutanoate. This is the first report of a male-produced aggregation pheromone in the genus Megalurothrips. The bean flower thrips is the primary pest of cowpea, which is widely grown in sub-Saharan Africa. The attraction of male and female M. sjostedti to these compounds offers an opportunity to develop ecologically sustainable management methods for M. sjostedti in Africa.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Chemical Ecology
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1100/1105
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Biomedical & Life Sciences
ID Code: 131830
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 12 Mar 2019 15:10
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2019 03:13
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/131830

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