Survey of antibiotic prescribing patterns in government health facilities of the Wassa West District of Ghana

Bosu, William and Ofori-Adjei, David (1997) Survey of antibiotic prescribing patterns in government health facilities of the Wassa West District of Ghana. East African Medical Journal, 74 (3). pp. 138-42.

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Abstract

Antibiotic prescribing patterns was studied from 700 retrospective outpatient clinical records from seven government health facilities in the Wassa West district of Ghana. Prescribing patterns were compared between the district hospital and six health centres. The percentage of patients receiving one or more antibiotics was significantly more at the health centres(60.7%) than at the hospital(41.0%) (chi 2 = 13.6; p < 0.001). The average number of antibiotics prescribed per patient was 1.4 and 1.1 respectively. The commonest antibiotics prescribed were procaine penicillin, cotrimoxazole, benzylpenicillin, metronidazole and amoxycillin. Malaria, upper respiratory infections, soft tissue infections and diarrhoeal diseases were the commonest indications for antibiotic use. Factors such as the availability of diagnostic facilities, type of prescriber, lack of refresher training and patient demand were considered to significantly influence antibiotic prescribing.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: East African Medical Journal
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Health Research
ID Code: 131629
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 27 Feb 2019 13:45
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2019 07:56
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/131629

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