Confocal and conventional immunofluorescence and ultrastructural-localization of intracellular strength-giving components of human amniochorion

OCKLEFORD, C and MALAK, T and HUBBARD, A and BRACKEN, K and BURTON, SA and BRIGHT, N and BLAKEY, G and GOODLIFFE, J and GARROD, D and DLACEY, C (1993) Confocal and conventional immunofluorescence and ultrastructural-localization of intracellular strength-giving components of human amniochorion. Journal of Anatomy, 183 (3). pp. 483-505. ISSN 0021-8782

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Abstract

Key cytoskeletal polypeptides of human fetal membranes have been localised at subcellular level using confocal and conventional indirect immunofluorescence microscopy. Correlation with electron microscope data has allowed us to examine how cellular compartments of this multilaminar tissue maintain their mechanical integrity until the time of membrane rupture at parturition. Evidence is presented for myofibroblastic characteristics of cells in both the fibroblast and reticular layers which may therefore have tension-generating, position-adjustment and wound-healing roles in the amniochorion. Desmin and vimentin are coexpressed in these cells, but a small localised population of cells in the fibroblast layer contains vimentin alone. An interaction of cytokeratin filaments with nuclei and desmosomes of amniotic epithelium in vivo is demonstrated, indicating that nuclei of cells of ectodermal origin are integrated into a mechanical structure extending throughout the tissue as a whole. Cells of the basal 1 or 2 layers of trophoblast have been shown to have a more extensive and better integrated cytoskeletal organisation than those overlying and forming the boundary with decidua. Structures within the trophoblast, identified previously as degenerate villi, contain cells with intermediate filaments with similar immunofluorescence properties to those of the neighbouring reticular layer and thus may represent papillae that prevent shearing at this interface.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Anatomy
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2722
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Medicine
ID Code: 130814
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 28 Jan 2019 10:25
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2019 21:36
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/130814

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