The future of resilience-based management in coral reef ecosystems

Mcleod, E. and Anthony, K.R.N. and Mumby, P.J. and Maynard, J. and Beeden, R. and Graham, N.A.J. and Heron, S.F. and Hoegh-Guldberg, O. and Jupiter, S. and MacGowan, P. and Mangubhai, S. and Marshall, N. and Marshall, P.A. and McClanahan, T.R. and Mcleod, K. and Nyström, M. and Obura, D. and Parker, B. and Possingham, H.P. and Salm, R.V. and Tamelander, J. (2019) The future of resilience-based management in coral reef ecosystems. Journal of Environmental Management, 233. pp. 291-301. ISSN 0301-4797

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Resilience underpins the sustainability of both ecological and social systems. Extensive loss of reef corals following recent mass bleaching events have challenged the notion that support of system resilience is a viable reef management strategy. While resilience-based management (RBM) cannot prevent the damaging effects of major disturbances, such as mass bleaching events, it can support natural processes that promote resistance and recovery. Here, we review the potential of RBM to help sustain coral reefs in the 21st century. We explore the scope for supporting resilience through existing management approaches and emerging technologies and discuss their opportunities and limitations in a changing climate. We argue that for RBM to be effective in a changing world, reef management strategies need to involve both existing and new interventions that together reduce stress, support the fitness of populations and species, and help people and economies to adapt to a highly altered ecosystem. © 2018 The Authors

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Journal Article
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Journal of Environmental Management
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25 Jan 2019 09:40
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 06:56