Decision‐making and risk in bipolar disorder:A quantitative study using fuzzy trace theory

Sicilia, Anna Chiara and Lukacs, Julia and Jones, Steven Huntley and Perez Algorta, Guillermo Daniel (2020) Decision‐making and risk in bipolar disorder:A quantitative study using fuzzy trace theory. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 93 (1). pp. 105-121. ISSN 1476-0835

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Abstract

Objectives: This study characterizes risk-taking behaviours in a group of people with a self-reported diagnosis of BD using fuzzy trace theory (FTT). FTT hypothesizes that risk-taking is a ‘reasoned’ (but sometimes faulty) action, rather than an impulsive act associated with mood fluctuations. Design: We tested whether measures of FTT (verbatim and gist-based thinking) were predictive of risk-taking intentions in BD, after controlling for mood and impulsivity. We hypothesized that FTT scales would be significant predictors of risk-taking intentions even after accounting for mood and impulsivity. Methods: Fifty-eight participants with BD (age range 21–78, 68% female) completed a series of online questionnaires assessing risk intentions, mood, impulsivity, and FTT. Results: Fuzzy trace theory scales significantly predicted risk-taking intentions (medium effect sizes), after controlling for mood and impulsivity consistent with FTT (part range.26 to.49). Participants with BD did not show any statistically significant tendency towards verbatim-based thinking. Conclusions: Fuzzy trace theory gist and verbatim representations were both independent predictors of risk-taking intentions, even after controlling for mood and impulsivity. The results offer an innovative conceptualization of the mechanisms behind risk-taking in BD. Practitioner points: Risk-taking behaviour in bipolar disorder is not just a consequence of impulsivity. Measures of fuzzy trace theory help to understand risk-taking in bipolar disorder. FTT measures predict risk-taking intentions, after controlling for mood and impulsivity.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice
Additional Information:
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article:Sicilia, A.C., Lukacs, J.N., Jones, S. and Perez Algorta, G. (2020), Decision‐making and risk in bipolar disorder: A quantitative study using fuzzy trace theory. Psychol Psychother Theory Res Pract, 93: 105-121. doi:10.1111/papt.12215 which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/papt.12215 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2738
Subjects:
ID Code:
130271
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
15 Jan 2019 14:45
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
05 Apr 2020 05:24