A new method to determine interstitial flow patterns in flume studies of sub‐aqueous gravel bedforms such as fish nests

Carling, Paul Anthony and Whitcombe, L and Benson, Ian and Hankin, Barry and Radecki-Pawlik, A (2006) A new method to determine interstitial flow patterns in flume studies of sub‐aqueous gravel bedforms such as fish nests. River Research and Applications, 22 (6). pp. 691-701. ISSN 1535-1459

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Abstract

Flume studies often seek to measure and record the interstitial flow within plane‐bed sediment bodies and within sediment beds with wavy surfaces, such as those typified by salmonid fish spawning nests and river‐dunes. A simple, inexpensive method is described to record and map, at discrete points, the spatial variation in interstitial flow speeds in experimental fine gravel beds. The procedure uses activated carbon granules to capture a tracer: Rhodamine WT dye. Calibration of the uptake of dye by the carbon for known interstitial flow speeds allows mapping of point flow speed data initially in the nominal x‐dimension. Using interpolation procedures available in a range of commercial ‘mapping’ software packages, the point data can be used to produce quasi two‐dimensional ‘slices’ along sampling planes within the three‐dimensional gravel bed. Similarly, three‐dimensional representations can be produced within which lines of equal current speed (‘isovels’) are interpolated such that the flow vectors (in x, y and z coordinates) may be inferred.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
River Research and Applications
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2300/2304
Subjects:
ID Code:
130216
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
24 Dec 2018 00:41
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
29 Jul 2020 04:59