On hydrologic similarity:2. A scaled model of storm runoff production

Sivapalan, M. and Beven, Keith and Wood, Eric F. (1987) On hydrologic similarity:2. A scaled model of storm runoff production. Water Resources Research, 23 (12). pp. 2266-2278. ISSN 0043-1397

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Abstract

The paper describes a simple physically based conceptual model of runoff production based on catchment topography and the spatial variablity of rainfall and soil properties. Both infiltration excess (Horton type) and saturation excess (Dunne type) runoff production mechanisms are considered. The effect of topography is modeled using the In (α/tan β)‐topographic index method of Beven and Kirkby (1979). The effects of the spatial variability of soil properties and rainfall on areal average infiltration rates are handled using a quasi‐analytical approach. The interaction between the two mechanisms of runoff production and the effect of a finite water table on the infiltration excess mechanism are explicitly considered. The model equations are cast in a dimensionless form to clarify the interrelationships involved in hydrological responses and to identify measures of similarity between different heterogeneous catchments. The dimensionless formulation has led to the identification of five similarity parameters and three dimensionless variables representing initial conditions and storm characteristics. Finally, a number of experiments were performed to study the sensitivity of the runoff production response to some of these similarity parameters.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Water Resources Research
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2300/2312
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 129634
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 11 Dec 2018 11:58
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2019 04:37
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/129634

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