In situ measurements of micronutrient dynamics in open seawater show that complex dissociation rates may limit diatom growth

Baeyens, W. and Gao, Y. and Davison, William and Galceran, J. and Leermakers, M. and Puy, J. and Superville, P.-J. and Beguery, L. (2018) In situ measurements of micronutrient dynamics in open seawater show that complex dissociation rates may limit diatom growth. Scientific Reports, 8 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

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Abstract

In this first in situ study of the dynamic availability of phytoplankton micronutrients, a SeaExplorer glider was combined with Diffusive Gradients in Thin Films and deployed in the Mediterranean Sea. On the basis of their labile metal complex pools, we discovered that Fe and Co can be potentially limiting and Cu co-limiting to diatom growth, contrary to the generally accepted view that phosphorus (phosphate) is the growth limiting element in the Mediterranean Sea. For flagellates and picoplankton, phosphorus remains the main element limiting growth. Our in situ measurements showed that organic complexes of Fe and Cu (>98% of total dissolved concentration), dissociate slower than inorganic complexes of Co, Cd and Ni (>99% of total dissolved concentration being free ions and inorganic complexes). This strengthens the potential growth limiting effect of Fe and Cu versus phosphate, which is present as a free ion and, thus, directly available for plankton. © 2018, The Author(s).

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Scientific Reports
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1000
Subjects:
ID Code:
129576
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
10 Jan 2019 14:20
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
24 Nov 2020 07:01