Localised to intraligand charge-transfer states in cyclometalated platinum complexes:an experimental and theoretical study into the influence of electron-rich pendants and modulation of excited states by ion binding

Rochester, David L and Develay, Stéphanie and Zális, Stanislav and Williams, J A Gareth (2009) Localised to intraligand charge-transfer states in cyclometalated platinum complexes:an experimental and theoretical study into the influence of electron-rich pendants and modulation of excited states by ion binding. Dalton Transactions, 2009 (10). pp. 1728-1741. ISSN 1477-9226

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Abstract

The neopentyl ester of 1,3-di(2-pyridyl)benzene-5-boronic acid (dpy-B) is a useful intermediate in the divergent synthesis of N;C;N-coordinating, 1,3-di(2-pyridyl)benzene ligands, HL(n), that carry aryl substituents at the 5-position of the central ring. The platinum(ii) complexes, PtL(n)Cl, of several such ligands have been prepared, incorporating pendant anisoles, arylamines, an oxacrown, and an azacrown, all of which are strongly luminescent in solution at 298 K. The emission of the complexes is partially quenched by oxygen, and all of the compounds are very efficient sensitisers of singlet oxygen. The quantum yields of (1)O(2) formation have been measured on the basis of the intensity of the O(2)(1)Delta(g) emission at 1270 nm, and are in the range 0.25-0.65. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations have been carried out that include the effect of the solvent, on the unsubstituted complex PtL(1)Cl and on the derivatives incorporating p-dimethylaminophenyl and phenyl-15-mono-N-azacrown-5 pendants (PtL(9)Cl and PtL(12)Cl respectively). Absorption spectra have been simulated on the basis of the calculated singlet excitations: they closely resemble the experimental spectra. In particular, the DFT successfully accounts for the appearance of low-energy absorption bands that accompany the introduction of the aryl pendants, indicating the participation of the aryl group in the HOMO but not significantly in the LUMO. The calculated lowest energy triplet excitation of PtL(1)Cl is close to the observed 0-0 emission maximum of this complex in solution. Taking together data for this series of complexes and related compounds previously studied, the energies of the lowest-energy spin-allowed absorption bands are shown to correlate approximately linearly with the oxidation peak potential. The emission energies show a similar correlation in toluene, but in CH2Cl2 the value for PtL(9)Cl is anomalously low. The differing emission properties of this complex in the two solvents suggest a switch to a TICT-like state in CH2Cl2 (TICT = twisted intramolecular charge transfer), stabilised in the more polar environment. Transient DC photoconductivity measurements confirm that the dipole moment of the triplet excited state is larger in CH2Cl2 than in toluene. The azacrown PtL(12)Cl displays similar behaviour. Binding of metal ions such as Ca2+ to the azacrown unit of this complex leads to a pronounced blue shift in the emission, which can be readily understood in terms of the large increase in the TICT energy that will accompany the binding of the metal ion to the lone pair of the azacrown nitrogen atom.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Dalton Transactions
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1600/1604
Subjects:
ID Code:
129313
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
04 Dec 2018 08:44
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
29 Oct 2020 08:32