Employing a spatio-temporal contingency table for the analysis of cork oak cover change in the Sa Serra region of Sardinia

Dettori, Sandro and Filigheddu, Maria Rosaria and Deplano, Giovanni and Molgora, Juan Escamilla and Ruiu, Maddalena and Sedda, Luigi (2018) Employing a spatio-temporal contingency table for the analysis of cork oak cover change in the Sa Serra region of Sardinia. Scientific Reports, 8 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

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Abstract

Land cover change analyses are common and, especially in the absence of explanatory variables, they are mainly carried out by employing qualitative methods such as transition matrices or raster operations. These methods do not provide any estimation of the statistical significance of the changes, or the uncertainty of the model and data, and are usually limited in supporting explicit biological/ecological interpretation of the processes determining the changes. Here we show how the original nearest-neighbour contingency table, proposed by Dixon to evaluate spatial segregation, has been extended to the temporal domain to map the intensity, statistical significance and uncertainty of land cover changes. This index was then employed to quantify the changes in cork oak forest cover between 1998 and 2016 in the Sa Serra region of Sardinia (Italy). The method showed that most statistically significant cork oak losses were concentrated in the centre of Sa Serra and characterised by high intensity. A spatial binomial-logit generalised linear model estimated the probability of changes occurring in the area but not the type of change. We show how the spatio-temporal Dixon’s index can be an attractive alternative to other land cover change analysis methods, since it provides a robust statistical framework and facilitates direct biological/ecological interpretation.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Scientific Reports
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1000
Subjects:
ID Code:
129003
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
16 Nov 2018 11:54
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
16 Nov 2020 08:36