Experimental analysis of cavitation in a centrifugal pump using acoustic emission, vibration measurements and flow visualization

Mousmoulis, Georgios and Karlsen-Davies, Nilla and Aggidis, George Athanasios and Anagnostopoulos, Ioannis and Papantonis, Dimitrios (2019) Experimental analysis of cavitation in a centrifugal pump using acoustic emission, vibration measurements and flow visualization. European Journal of Mechanics / B Fluids, 75. pp. 300-311. ISSN 0997-7546

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The continuously increasing industrial productivity has resulted in a great breakthrough in the field of maintenance on centrifugal pumps in order to ensure their optimum operation under different operating conditions. One of the important mechanisms that affect the steady and dynamic operation of a pump is cavitation, which appears in the low static pressure zone formed at the impeller entrance region. This paper investigates the inception and development of cavitation in three different impellers of a laboratory centrifugal pump with a Plexiglas casing, using flow visualization, vibration and acoustic emission measurements. The aim of this study is the development of an experimental tool that detects cavitation in different impellers and the further understanding of the effects of blade geometry in cavitation development. The results show that the geometrical characteristics of the impeller affect cavitation development and behavior, while an acoustic emission sensor and an accelerometer can be applied for successfully detecting the onset of this mechanism.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
European Journal of Mechanics / B Fluids
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in European Journal of Mechanics - B/Fluids. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in European Journal of Mechanics - B/Fluids, 75, 2019 DOI: 10.1016/j.euromechflu.2018.10.015
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? cavitation in centrifugal pumps; diagnostics and prognostics; flow visualization; noise and vibration measurementsphysics and astronomy(all)mathematical physics ??
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Deposited On:
01 Nov 2018 10:00
Last Modified:
17 Dec 2023 01:41