Narrative skill and testimonial accuracy in typically developing children and those with intellectual disabilities

Brown, Deirdre Ann and Brown, Emma-Jane and Lewis, Charles Neville and Lamb, Michael (2018) Narrative skill and testimonial accuracy in typically developing children and those with intellectual disabilities. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 32 (5). pp. 550-560. ISSN 0888-4080

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Children must describe maltreatment coherently for their testimony to be influential in court. We know little about how well children with intellectual disabilities (CWID) describe their experiences relative to typically developing (TD) children, despite CWID's vulnerability to maltreatment. We investigated children's reports of an experienced event and compared coherence in CWID (mild to moderate impairment: 7–11 years) with TD children matched for mental (4–10 years) or chronological age (7–11 years). All children included important markers of narrative coherence in their reports. Children with lower mental ages, particularly those with an intellectual disability, included fewer markers of narrative coherence in their reports than children with higher mental ages. Individual markers of narrative coherence, particularly recall of content, predicted accuracy of testimony and resistance to suggestion even when disability and mental age were taken into account. These findings highlight the importance of helping children to describe their experiences coherently.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Applied Cognitive Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200/3205
Subjects:
ID Code:
128308
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
17 Oct 2018 11:04
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
26 May 2020 07:19