Ion Dynamics in Li2CO3 Studied by Solid-State NMR and First-Principles Calculations

Dunstan, Matthew T. and Griffin, John M. and Blanc, Frédéric and Leskes, Michal and Grey, Clare P. (2015) Ion Dynamics in Li2CO3 Studied by Solid-State NMR and First-Principles Calculations. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 119 (43). pp. 24255-24264. ISSN 1932-7447

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Abstract

Novel lithium-based materials for carbon capture and storage (CCS) applications have emerged as a promising class of materials for use in CO2 looping, where the material reacts reversibly with CO2 to form Li2CO3, among other phases depending on the parent phase. Much work has been done to try and understand the origin of the continued reactivity of the process even after a layer of Li2CO3 has covered the sorbent particles. In this work, we have studied the lithium and oxygen ion dynamics in Li2CO3 over the temperature range of 293-973 K in order to elucidate the link between dynamics and reactivity in this system. We have used a combination of powder X-ray diffraction, solid-state NMR spectroscopy, and theoretical calculations to chart the temperature dependence of both structural changes and ion dynamics in the sample. These methods together allowed us to determine the activation energy for both lithium ion hopping processes and carbonate ion rotations in Li2CO3. Importantly, we have shown that these processes may be coupled in this material, with the initial carbonate ion rotations aiding the subsequent hopping of lithium ions within the structure. Additionally, this study shows that it is possible to measure dynamic processes in powder or crystalline materials indirectly through a combination of NMR spectroscopy and theoretical calculations.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Physical Chemistry C
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2500/2508
Subjects:
ID Code:
128195
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
23 Oct 2018 07:54
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
11 Jun 2020 07:14