Social media and its relationship with mood, self-esteem and paranoia in psychosis

Berry, Natalie and Emsley, R. and Lobban, F. and Bucci, S. (2018) Social media and its relationship with mood, self-esteem and paranoia in psychosis. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 138 (6). pp. 558-570. ISSN 0001-690X

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Abstract

Objective An evidence‐base is emerging indicating detrimental and beneficial effects of social media. Little is known about the impact of social media use on people who experience psychosis. Method Forty‐four participants with and without psychosis completed 1084 assessments of social media use, perceived social rank, mood, self‐esteem and paranoia over a 6‐day period using an experience sampling method (ESM). Results Social media use predicted low mood, but did not predict self‐esteem and paranoia. Posting about feelings and venting on social media predicted low mood and self‐esteem and high paranoia, whilst posting about daily activities predicted increases in positive affect and self‐esteem and viewing social media newsfeeds predicted reductions in negative affect and paranoia. Perceptions of low social rank when using social media predicted low mood and self‐esteem and high paranoia. The impact of social media use did not differ between participants with and without psychosis; although, experiencing psychosis moderated the relationship between venting and negative affect. Social media use frequency was lower in people with psychosis. Conclusion Findings show the potential detrimental impact of social media use for people with and without psychosis. Despite few between‐group differences, overall negative psychological consequences highlight the need to consider use in clinical practice.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2738
Subjects:
ID Code:
128037
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
05 Oct 2018 08:22
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
26 May 2020 07:13