Radar Altimetry as a Robust Tool for Monitoring the Active Lava Lake at Erebus Volcano, Antarctica

Peters, N. J. and Oppenheimer, C. and Brennan, P. and Lok, L. B. and Ash, M. and Kyle, P. (2018) Radar Altimetry as a Robust Tool for Monitoring the Active Lava Lake at Erebus Volcano, Antarctica. Geophysical Research Letters, 45 (17). pp. 8897-8904. ISSN 0094-8276

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The level of lava within a volcanic conduit reflects the overpressure within a connected magma reservoir. Continuous monitoring of lava level can therefore provide critical insights into volcanic processes and aid hazard assessment. However, accurate measurements of lava level are not easy to make, partly owing to the often dense fumes that hinder optical techniques. Here we present the first radar instrument designed for the purpose of monitoring lava level and report on its successful operation at Erebus volcano, Antarctica. We describe the hardware and data-processing steps followed to extract a time series of lava lake level, demonstrating that we can readily resolve ∼1 m cyclic variations in lake level that have previously been recognized at Erebus volcano. The performance of the radar (continuous, automated data collection in temperatures of around −30 °C) indicates the suitability of this approach for sustained automated measurements at Erebus and other volcanoes with lava lakes.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Geophysical Research Letters
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? active lava lakeerebusfmcwradargeophysicsearth and planetary sciences(all) ??
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Deposited On:
23 Oct 2018 07:50
Last Modified:
22 Mar 2024 00:46