Conservative Turkish gothic:religious discourse vs. the monstrous-feminine

Bicakci Syed, Tugce (2017) Conservative Turkish gothic:religious discourse vs. the monstrous-feminine. In: 13th Biennial Conference of the International Gothic Association, 2017-07-182017-07-21, Universidad de las Americas Puebla. (Unpublished)

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The transformation of an Islamic empire to a modern nation-state marked the 1920s in Turkey. Originated in these early years of nation-building, the Gothic had a particular relationship with Turkish national identity of the time. The traumas of the Turkish War of Independence, and the anxieties resulted from the tension between the supporters of traditional values and those of modernisation process have constituted the main concerns of Turkish Gothic writing in the 1920s. In the early years of the twenty-first century, as a consequence of developments in political and social life in Turkey and with the purpose of utilising traditional fears, Turkish Gothic took an eager interest in Islamic mythology and folklore, more specifically, in the supernatural creatures mentioned in the Quran. While most of these Gothic narratives have become immensely popular in Turkish cinema with a record of seventeen films in 2015, the roots of this sub-genre were planted in literature. Having similar traits with the populist Islamic novels of the 1980s and 1990s, conservative Gothic novels centre around women who become possessed or haunted by ‘djinns’ due to their lack of belief in religion or the immoral way of life they lead and pious male characters who rescue them with the help of the Quran after series of adventures. Drawing on Gothic criticism and gender theories, this paper focuses on Orhan Yıldırım’s debut novel Ecinni (2003) as the earliest example of the trend.

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Contribution to Conference (Paper)
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13th Biennial Conference of the International Gothic Association
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19 Sep 2018 14:14
Last Modified:
12 Sep 2023 05:40