Community-wide scan identifies fish species associated with coral reef services across the Indo-Pacific

Maire, E. and Villeger, S. and Graham, N.A.J. and Hoey, A.S. and Cinner, J. and Ferse, S.C.A. and Aliaume, C. and Booth, D.J. and Feary, D.A. and Kulbicki, M. and Sandin, S.A. and Vigliola, L. and Mouillot, D. (2018) Community-wide scan identifies fish species associated with coral reef services across the Indo-Pacific. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 285 (1883). ISSN 0962-8452

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Abstract

Determining whether many functionally complementary species or only a subset of key species are necessary to maintain ecosystem functioning and services is a critical question in community ecology and biodiversity conservation. Identifying such key species remains challenging, especially in the tropics where many species co-occur and can potentially support the same or different processes. Here, we developed a new community-wide scan (CWS) approach, analogous to the genome-wide scan, to identify fish species that significantly contribute, beyond the socio-environmental and species richness effects, to the biomass and coral cover on Indo-Pacific reefs. We found that only a limited set of species (51 out of approx. 400, approx. 13%), belonging to various functional groups and evolutionary lineages, are strongly and positively associated with fish biomass and live coral cover. Many of these species have not previously been identified as functionally important, and thus may be involved in unknown, yet important, biological mechanisms that help sustain healthy and productive coral reefs. CWS has the potential to reveal species that are key to ecosystem functioning and services and to guide management strategies as well as new experiments to decipher underlying causal ecological processes. © 2018 The Author(s).

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700
Subjects:
ID Code:
126798
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
08 Aug 2018 14:28
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
18 Sep 2020 04:21