Synthesis and Electrochemical Evaluation of Multivalent Vanadium Hydride Gels for Lithium and Hydrogen Storage

Morris, Leah and Smith, Luke A.C. and Trudeau, Michel L. and Antonelli, David (2016) Synthesis and Electrochemical Evaluation of Multivalent Vanadium Hydride Gels for Lithium and Hydrogen Storage. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 120 (21). pp. 11407-11414. ISSN 1932-7447

[thumbnail of VH4 J Phys Chem C Text 28.2.16]
PDF (VH4 J Phys Chem C Text 28.2.16)
VH4_J_Phys_Chem_C_Text_28.2.16.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial.

Download (382kB)


A vanadium aryl hydride gel was prepared by thermal decomposition and subsequent hydrogenation of tetraphenyl vanadium and evaluated for electrochemical and hydrogen storage performance. Characterization by IR, XRD, XPS, nitrogen adsorption, and TGA suggests that the material consists predominantly of a mixture of vanadium centers in oxidation states of II–IV bound together by bridging hydride and phenyl groups. Electrochemical properties were explored to probe the reversible oxidation state behavior and possible applications to Li batteries, with the hypothesis that the low mass of the hydride ligand may lead to superior gravimetric performance relative to heavier vanadium oxides and phosphates. The material shows reversible redox activity and has a promising peak capacity of 131 mAh g–1, at a discharge rate of 1 mA cm–2, comparable to bulk VO2 samples also tested in this study. After repeated charge–discharge cycling for 50 cycles, the material retained 36% of its capacity. The material also shows improved hydrogen storage performance relative to previously synthesized VH3 based gels, reaching a reversible gravimetric storage capacity of 5.8 wt % at 130 bar and 25 °C. Based on the measured density, this corresponds to a volumetric capacity of 79.77 kg H2 m–3, demonstrating that the 2017 U.S. DOE system goals of 5.5 wt % and 40 kg H2 m–3 may be achievable upon containment in a Type 1 tank and coupling to a fuel cell.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C
Additional Information:
This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, copyright © American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? surfaces, coatings and filmsgeneral energyphysical and theoretical chemistryelectronic, optical and magnetic materialsenergy(all) ??
ID Code:
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
01 Aug 2018 09:22
Last Modified:
16 Jul 2024 10:47