Geochemical evidence for in situ accumulation of tight gas in the Xujiahe Formation coal measures in the central Sichuan Basin, China

Qin, Shengfei and Zhang, Yihan and Zhao, Changyi and Zhou, Zheng (2018) Geochemical evidence for in situ accumulation of tight gas in the Xujiahe Formation coal measures in the central Sichuan Basin, China. International Journal of Coal Geology, 196. pp. 173-184. ISSN 0166-5162

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Abstract

The study of accumulation mechanisms of tight gas has attracted much attention in recent years. One of the focuses is whether natural gas can migrate on a large scale in tight reservoirs. In this work, geochemical parameters (such as C1/C1+, C1/(C2+ C3), C1+, δ13C1, δ13C2, iC4/nC4, iC5/nC5) of the tight gas reservoirs in the central Sichuan Basin, China have been studied to characterize the accumulation mechanisms in these fields. Results show that the tight gas accumulation in the Xujiahe Formation in the central Sichuan is in situ, and natural gas has not experienced large-scale migration. In gases from the central Sichuan Basin, δ13C1 ranges from −44.1‰ to −37.1‰ with an average of −40.1‰, and C1/C1+ ranges from 0.80 to 0.97 with an average of 0.91. While in the gases from the western Sichuan Basin, δ13C1 is between −35.5‰ and − 30‰ with an average of −32.2‰, and C1/C1+ ranges from 0.95to 0.99with an average of 0.98. Based on geochemical indicators of natural gas, the gases of Xujiahe Formation in the Central Sichuan Basin originated from the local coal measures of the Xujiahe Formation in horizontal direction with little contribution from the western Sichuan. In central Sichuan Basin, there is also no horizontal migration of natural gas in the same formation between adjacent gas fields. Vertically, the Xujiahe Formation is an independent gas generating system and has no relationship with the underlying Mid-Lower Triassic formations and the Jurassic natural gas formation above it. The δ13C2of Xujiahe Formation in central Sichuan ranges from −28.3‰ to −25.9‰, with an average of −27.5‰. However, the δ13C2 of Lower Jurassic above Xujiahe Formation ranges from −36.8‰ to −30.5‰, with an average of −33.0‰. Under the Xujiahe Formation, the δ13C2 in Leikoupo Formation ranges from −35.5‰ to −32.1‰, with an average of −33.1‰, and in Jialingjiang Formation ranges from −34.6‰ to −33.2‰, with an average of −33.8‰. There is also a clear distinction in the geochemical characteristics of natural gas between the upper and lower gas reservoirs in the Xujiahe Formation, indicating that there is no obvious vertical migration of natural gas. Geochemical evidence shows that there is no large-scale gas migration in the Xujiahe Formation. The tight gas is generated in situ and accumulated in the formation in the central Sichuan Basin.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
International Journal of Coal Geology
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in International Journal of Coal Geology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in International Journal of Coal Geology, 196, 2018 DOI: 10.1016/j.coal.2018.07.009
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2100/2103
Subjects:
ID Code:
126595
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
31 Jul 2018 08:20
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
27 Sep 2020 04:40