Effect of varying the amount of binder on the electrochemical characteristics of palm shell activated carbon

Maarof, Hawaiah Imam and Wan Daud, Wan Mohd Ashri and Aroua, Mohamed Kheireddine (2017) Effect of varying the amount of binder on the electrochemical characteristics of palm shell activated carbon. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 210 (1). ISSN 1757-8981

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Abstract

Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is among the most common binders used in the fabrication of an electrode, which is used for various electrochemical applications such as desalination, water purification, and wastewater treatment. In this study, the amount of the binder was varied at 10, 20, 30, and 40 wt% of the total mass of palm shell activated carbon (PSAC). The PSAC was used as the active material and carbon black was used as the conductive agent. The effect of different amounts of binder was observed by evaluating the electrochemical characteristics of the electrode through cyclic voltammetry (CV) and potentio electrochemical spectroscopy (PEIS). The CV analysis was employed to determine the geometric area normalised electrode double layer capacitance, CE, and the electrode reaction of the prepared electrode. Meanwhile, the common redox probe, ferro/ferricyanide in 0.5 M NaCl, was employed to estimate the electron transfer resistance through PEIS. The electrochemical characterisation proved that the optimum amount of PTFE was 20 wt% for the 4:1 ratio of active material to conductive agent. On increasing the amount of the binder to 30 wt% and 40 wt%, the estimated value of CE decreased and remained almost equivalent. Adding more than 30 wt% of binder resulted in pore blockage and reduced the available active site on the PSAC electrode. In addition, the electron transfer resistance of the prepared electrode was found to be in the range of 4-5 •cm2.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2200
Subjects:
ID Code:
126512
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
07 Aug 2018 07:36
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
03 Nov 2020 07:08