Emulating global climate change impacts on crop yields

Oyebamiji, Oluwole Kehinde and Edwards, Neil and Holden, Philip and Garthwaite, Paul and Schaphoff, Sibyll and Gerten, Dieter (2015) Emulating global climate change impacts on crop yields. Statistical Modelling, 15 (6). pp. 499-525. ISSN 1471-082X

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The potential effects of climate change on the environment and society are many. In order to effectively quantify the uncertainty associated with these effects, highly complex simulation models are run with detailed representations of ecosystem processes. These models are computationally expensive and can involve a computer run of several days. Computationally cheaper models can be obtained from large ensembles of simulations using statistical emulation. The purpose of this article is to construct a cheaper computational model (emulator) from simulations of the Lund-Potsdam-Jena managed Land (LPJmL), which is a dynamic global vegetation and crop model. This article focuses on statistical emulation of potential crop yields from LPJmL and an emulator is constructed using a combination of ordinary least squares, principal component analysis and weighted least squares methods. For five climate models, under cross-validation, the percentage of variance explained ranges from 60 to 88% for the rainfed crops and 62 to 93% for the irrigated crops. The emulator can be used to predict potential crop yield change under any future climate scenarios and management options.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Statistical Modelling
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? modelling and simulationstatistics and probability ??
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Deposited On:
17 Jul 2018 15:00
Last Modified:
15 Jul 2024 18:04