Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) as sentinels for the elucidation of Arctic environmental change processes:a comprehensive review combined with ArcRisk project results

Carlsson, Pernilla and Breivik, Knut and Brorström-Lundén, Eva and Cousins, Ian and Christensen, Jesper and Grimalt, Joan O. and Halsall, Crispin James and Kallenborn, Roland and Abass, Khaled and Lammel, Gerhard and Munthe, John and MacLeod, Matthew and Øyvind Odland, Jon and Pawlak, Janet and Rautio, Arja and Reiersen, Lars-Otto and Schlabach, Martin and Stemmler, Irene and Wilson, Simon and Wöhrnschimmel, Henry (2018) Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) as sentinels for the elucidation of Arctic environmental change processes:a comprehensive review combined with ArcRisk project results. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 25 (23). pp. 22499-22528. ISSN 0944-1344

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Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) can be used as chemical sentinels for the assessment of anthropogenic influences on Arctic environmental change. We present an overview of studies on PCBs in the Arctic and combine these with the findings from ArcRisk—a major European Union-funded project aimed at examining the effects of climate change on the transport of contaminants to and their behaviour of in the Arctic—to provide a case study on the behaviour and impact of PCBs over time in the Arctic. PCBs in the Arctic have shown declining trends in the environment over the last few decades. Atmospheric long-range transport from secondary and primary sources is the major input of PCBs to the Arctic region. Modelling of the atmospheric PCB composition and behaviour showed some increases in environmental concentrations in a warmer Arctic, but the general decline in PCB levels is still the most prominent feature. ‘Within-Arctic’ processing of PCBs will be affected by climate change-related processes such as changing wet deposition. These in turn will influence biological exposure and uptake of PCBs. The pan-Arctic rivers draining large Arctic/sub-Arctic catchments provide a significant source of PCBs to the Arctic Ocean, although changes in hydrology/sediment transport combined with a changing marine environment remain areas of uncertainty with regard to PCB fate. Indirect effects of climate change on human exposure, such as a changing diet will influence and possibly reduce PCB exposure for indigenous peoples. Body burdens of PCBs have declined since the 1980s and are predicted to decline further.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Environmental Science and Pollution Research
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The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-2625-7
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24 Jul 2018 09:56
Last Modified:
17 Sep 2023 02:19