Rationalising the role of Keratin 9 as a biomarker for Alzheimer's disease

Richens, Joanna L. and Spencer, Hannah L. and Butler, Molly and Cantlay, Fiona and Vere, Kelly Ann and Bajaj, Nin and Morgan, Kevin and O'Shea, Paul (2016) Rationalising the role of Keratin 9 as a biomarker for Alzheimer's disease. Scientific Reports, 6. ISSN 2045-2322

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Abstract

Keratin 9 was recently identified as an important component of a biomarker panel which demonstrated a high diagnostic accuracy (87%) for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Understanding how a protein which is predominantly expressed in palmoplantar epidermis is implicated in AD may shed new light on the mechanisms underlying the disease. Here we use immunoassays to examine blood plasma expression patterns of Keratin 9 and its relationship to other AD-associated proteins. We correlate this with the use of an in silico analysis tool VisANT to elucidate possible pathways through which the involvement of Keratin 9 may take place. We identify possible links with Dickkopf-1, a negative regulator of the wnt pathway, and propose that the abnormal expression of Keratin 9 in AD blood and cerebrospinal fluid may be a result of blood brain barrier dysregulation and disruption of the ubiquitin proteasome system. Our findings suggest that dysregulated Keratin 9 expression is a consequence of AD pathology but, as it interacts with a broad range of proteins, it may have other, as yet uncharacterized, downstream effects which could contribute to AD onset and progression.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Scientific Reports
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1000
Subjects:
ID Code:
126025
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
22 Jun 2018 10:36
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
30 Sep 2020 07:56