Dissecting wheat grain yield drivers in a mapping population in the UK

Pennacchi, João and Carmo-Silva, Elizabete and Andralojc, P. John and Feuerhelm, David and Powers, Stephen J. and Parry, Martin Afan John (2018) Dissecting wheat grain yield drivers in a mapping population in the UK. Agronomy, 8 (6). ISSN 2073-4395

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Improving crop yields arises as a solution to ensure food security in the future scenarios of growing world population, changes in food consumption patterns, climate change and limitation on resources allocated to agriculture. Defining traits that can be reliable cornerstones to yield improvement and understanding their interaction and influence on yield formation is an important part of ensuring the success of breeding programs for high yield. Traits that can drive yield increases, such as light interception and conversion efficiency, carbon assimilation and allocation, were intensively phenotyped in a double-haploid wheat mapping population grown under field conditions in the UK. Traits were analysed for their correlation to yield, genetic variation and broad-sense heritability. Canopy cover and reflectance, biomass production and allocation to stems and leaves, as well as flag leaf photosynthesis at a range of light levels measured pre- and post-anthesis correlated with plant productivity and contributed to explain different strategies of wheat lines to attain high grain yields. This research mapped multiple traits related to light conversion into biomass. The findings highlight the need to phenotype traits throughout the growing season and support the approach of targeting photosynthesis and its components as traits for breeding high yielding wheat.

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14 Jun 2018 08:26
Last Modified:
21 Sep 2023 02:25