Mechanism of bacterial adhesion on ultrafiltration membrane modified by natural antimicrobial polymers (chitosan) and combination with activated carbon (PAC)

Gafri, Hasan Fouzi S. and Mohamed Zuki, Fathiah and Aroua, Mohamed Kheireddine and Hashim, Nur Awanis (2019) Mechanism of bacterial adhesion on ultrafiltration membrane modified by natural antimicrobial polymers (chitosan) and combination with activated carbon (PAC). Reviews in Chemical Engineering, 35 (3). pp. 421-443.

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Abstract

Bacterial adhesion to surfaces is related to several factors, such as surface charge, surface energy, and substrate characteristics (leading to the formation of biofilms). Organisms are dominant in most environmental, industrial, and medical problems and processes that are of interest to microbiologists. Biofilm cells are at least 500 times more resistant to antibacterial agents compared to planktonic cells. The usage of ultrafiltration membranes is fast becoming popular for water treatment. Membrane lifetime and permeate flux are primarily affected by the phenomena of microbial accumulation and fouling at the membrane's surface. This review intends to understand the mechanism of membrane fouling by bacterial attachment on polymeric ultrafiltration membrane modified by natural antimicrobial polymers (chitosan) combined with powder activated carbon. Also, to guide future research on membrane water treatment processes, adhesion prediction using the extended Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek theory is discussed.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Reviews in Chemical Engineering
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1500
Subjects:
ID Code:
125807
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
25 Jun 2019 13:45
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
27 Oct 2020 08:07