Formation of oxide under rolling contact fatigue

Guetard, G. and Rivera-Díaz-Del-Castillo, P. E.J. (2016) Formation of oxide under rolling contact fatigue. Tribology International, 95. pp. 262-266. ISSN 0301-679X

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Rolling contact fatigue (RCF) of a variety of bearing steels was studied with a ball-on-rod configuration rig. Systematic sectioning of the specimens across the spalls revealed the presence of oxide near the cracks. Further characterisation of this phase using electron microscopy revealed that it was formed during testing, after crack initiation. It is highlighted that the discovered oxide could, in some cases, be mistaken for a non-metallic inclusion. The authors suggest that attributing RCF failure initiation to non-metallic inclusions should not only rely on optical microscopy but also on EDX measurements, as this reveals a composition inconsistent with non-metallic inclusions. A mechanism for the in situ formation of the oxide is suggested and its possible role on failure is discussed.

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Journal Article
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Tribology International
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07 Jun 2018 08:52
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 05:53