Inter- and intra-species intercropping of barley cultivars and legume species, as affected by soil phosphorus availability

Darch, Tegan and Giles, Courtney D. and Blackwell, Martin S. A. and George, Timothy S. and Brown, Lawrie K. and Blackburn, Daniel and Shand, Charles A. and Stutter, Marc Ian and Lumsdon, David G. and Mezeli, Malika and Wendler, Renate and Zhang, Hao and Wearing, Catherine Louise and Cooper, Patricia and Haygarth, Philip Matthew (2018) Inter- and intra-species intercropping of barley cultivars and legume species, as affected by soil phosphorus availability. Plant and Soil, 427 (1-2). pp. 125-138. ISSN 0032-079X

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Abstract

Aims Intercropping can improve plant yields and soil phosphorus (P) use efficiency. This study compares inter- and intra-species intercropping, and determines whether P uptake and shoot biomass accumulation in intercrops are affected by soil P availability. Methods Four barley cultivars (Hordeum vulgare L.) and three legume species (Trifolium subterreneum, Ornithopus sativus and Medicago truncatula) were selected on the basis of their contrasting root exudation and morphological responses to P deficiency. Monocultures and barley-barley and barley-legume intercrops were grown for 6 weeks in a pot trial at very limiting, slightly limiting and excess available soil P. Aboveground biomass and shoot P were measured. Results Barley-legume intercrops had 10–70% greater P accumulation and 0–40% greater biomass than monocultures, with the greatest gains occurring at or below the sub-critical P requirement for barley. No benefit of barley-barley intercropping was observed. The plant combination had no significant effect on biomass and P uptake observed in intercropped treatments. Conclusions Barley-legume intercropping shows promise for sustainable production systems, especially at low soil P. Gains in biomass and P uptake come from inter- rather than intra-species intercropping, indicating that plant diversity resulted in decreased competition between plants for P.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Plant and Soil
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1100/1111
Subjects:
ID Code:
125710
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
06 Jun 2018 08:54
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
27 Sep 2020 04:35